Barsanti, Eugenio

Barsanti, Eugenio
b. 1821 Italy
d. 1864 Liège, Belgium
Italian co-inventor of the internal combustion engine; lecturer in mechanics and hydraulics.
A trained scientist and engineer, Barsanti became acquainted with a distinguished engineer, Felice Matteucci, in 1851. Their combined talents enabled them to produce a number of so-called free-piston atmospheric engines from 1854 onwards. Using a principle demonstrated by the Swiss engineer Isaac de Rivaz in 1827, the troublesome explosive shocks encountered by other pioneers were avoided. A piston attached to a long toothed rack was propelled from beneath by the expansion of burning gas and allowed unrestricted movement. A resulting partial vacuum enabled atmospheric pressure to return the piston and produce the working stroke. Electric ignition was a feature of all the Italian engines.
With many successful applications, a company was formed in 1860. A 20 hp (15 kW) engine stimulated much interest. Attempts by John Cockerill of Belgium to mass-produce small power units of up to 4 hp (3 kW) came to an abrupt end; during the negotiations Barsanti contracted typhoid fever and later died. The project was abandoned, but the working principle of the Italian engine was used successfully in the Otto-Langen engine of 1867.
13 May 1854, British Provisional Patent no. 1,072 (the Barsanti and Matteucci engine).
12 June 1857, British patent no. 1,655 (contained many notable improvements to the design).
Further Reading
The Engineer (1858) 5:73–4 (for an account of the Italian engine).
Vincenzo Vannacci, 1955, L'invenzione del motore a scoppio realizzota dai toscani Barsanti e Matteucci 1854–1954, Florence.

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barsanti — bezeichnet: ein Stadtviertel der italienischen Stadt Florenz, siehe Barsanti (Florenz) Barsanti ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Eugenio Barsanti (1821–1864), ein italienischer Erfinder Francesco Barsanti (1690–1770), ein italienischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Barsanti — is an Italian surname and may refer to:* Francesco Barsanti (1690 ndash;1772), Italian flutist, oboist and composer * Eugenio Barsanti (1821 ndash;1864), Italian inventor of the internal combustion engine * Alessandro Barsanti (1858 ndash;1917),… …   Wikipedia

  • Eugenio Barsanti — Pater Eugenio Barsanti (* 12. Oktober 1821 in Pietrasanta; † 19. April 1864 in Seraing, Belgien), auch Nicolò genannt, war ein italienischer Ingenieur, der gerühmt wird, der Erfinder des Verbrennungsmotors zu sein, aber der Patentantrag ging… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eugenio Barsanti — Father Eugenio Barsanti (October 12 1821 April 19 1864), also named Nicolò, was the Italian inventor of the Internal combustion engine.Barsanti was born in Pietrasanta, Tuscany. Lean and low of stature, he studied in a religious scientific… …   Wikipedia

  • Moteur à gaz — Le moteur à gaz est un moteurs utilisant un gaz comme carburant. Sommaire 1 Histoire 2 Moteurs à gaz théoriques 2.1 Cycle d Otto 2.2 Cycle de Joule …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of Italians — This is a list of notable Italians in alphabetical order.cientistsA FAntonio Abetti, astronomer *Maria Gaetana Agnesi, mathematician *Francesco Alberoni, sociologist and journalist *Giuseppe Averani, jurist and naturalist *Amedeo Avogadro (1776… …   Wikipedia

  • Felice Matteucci — (* 12. Februar 1808 in Lucca; † 13. September 1887 in Capannori) war ein italienischer Hydraulik Ingenieur und zusammen mit Eugenio Barsanti Erfinder einer Verbrennungskraftmaschine. Es ist nicht bekannt, ob sie die ersten waren, weil das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Felice Matteucci — (February 12 1808 September 13 1887) was an Italian hydraulic engineer and co inventor, with Eugenio Barsanti, of the internal combustion engine.Born in Lucca, he studied hydraulic and mechanical engineering firstly in Paris then later in… …   Wikipedia

  • Großer Preis der Nationen (Motorrad) — Der Große Preis der Nationen für Motorräder war ein Motorrad Rennen, das zwischen 1922 und 1990 ausgetragen wurde und von 1949 und 1990 zur Motorrad Weltmeisterschaft zählte. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte 2 Statistik des Großen Preises der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nikolaus Otto — Nikolaus August Otto Nikolaus Otto Born 10 June 1832(1832 06 10) Holzhausen an der Haide Died 26 January 1891(1891 01 26) (aged 58) …   Wikipedia

  • Otto cycle — See also: Otto engine and Four stroke engine Thermodynamics …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”